Instructions for Authors

The journal Archives of Psychiatry Research is an international peer reviewed journal, open to clinicians, scholars, and research scientists in psychiatry, neuropsychiatry, behavioural science, and allied fields. The journal publishes original scientific and professional papers, short communications, reviews, case reports and letters to the editor, provided they have not been published elsewhere.
All manuscripts should be written in English. Instructions for preparation of manuscripts submitted to Archives of Psychiatry Research are consistent with the recommendations issued by the International Committee of the Medical Journal Editors, Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals (N Engl J Med 1997; 336: 309-315).

Journal income: Archives of Psychiatry Research is an open access journal and all its content is free and available at Journal’s webpage. Journal is maintained and published with the support of Ministry of Science, Education and Sport of the Republic of Croatia. All Editorial work and peer-review are maintained voluntarily.

Article processing charges: Manuscript submission, article processing and publishing is free of charge.

Manuscript submission: The authors can send their paper to the journal’ s e-mail or on a CD to the Editorial Board of Archives of Psychiatry Research, Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital Center, Department of Psychiatry, Vinogradska c. 29, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia. E-mail:
Each manuscript submitted for consideration for publication should be provided with a statement declaring that the paper has not been published or accepted for publication elsewhere.

Editorial procedure: Each manuscript received is evaluated by the Editor-in-Chief. The manuscripts that do not meet the main criteria listed in the Instructions for authors are returned to authors. Contributions that qualify for further consideration are further processed. Each manuscript is subjected to the additional editorial review of the methodological quality, statistical analysis, and data presentation. The estimated time from submission to the first decision is 4-8 weeks. Authors are usually given 4 weeks for manuscript revision, while articles will be published within 2 to 6 months after acceptance. Archives of Psychiatry Research gives equal consideration to every carefully performed study investigating an important question relevant to the Journal’s readership, whether the results are negative or positive.
Editor-in-Chief has full authority over the whole editorial process and also decision making responsibility.

Peer-review policy: The Editorial Board anonymously sends all manuscripts received to two or more reviewers. If the reviewers suggest any changes and/ or supplements, a copy of their reviews without the names of the reviewers will be sent to the author to make his final decision.

Authorship: Archives of Psychiatry Research adheres to guidelines for authorship set forth by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) (available at: browse/roles-and-responsibilities/defining-therole- of-authors-and-contributors.html). Each author should meet all four criteria as follows: 1. substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data 2. drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content 3. final approval of the version to be published 4. agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. According to ICMJE: “In addition to being accountable for the parts of the work the author has done, an author should be able to identify which co-authors are responsible for specific other parts of the work. In addition, authors should have confidence in the integrity of the contributions of their co-authors. All those designated as authors, should meet all four criteria for authorship, and all who meet the four criteria should be identified as authors.“ All persons who have made substantial contributions to the work but do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section (technical help, writing assistance, language translation service, general support, financial and material support). All persons named in the Acknowledgments section of the manuscript must give their permission to be named. Statement for such permission is included in the manuscript submission process.

Ethical approval and informed consent: When reporting trials on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures were in accordance with the ethical standards set by the responsible human experimentation committee (institutional and national) and latest version of the Declaration of Helsinki given by World Medical Association (available at: http:// en/30publications/10policies/b3/). Ethical approval (institutional or national) should be obtained for every study that includes collection of additional patient sample of any biological material (more than those required for the medical evaluation). All subjects should sign an informed consent form and this information should be provided in the manuscript. Signed informed consent forms should be archived by the authors. The authors have to provide a statement that they have received and archived all patient informed consent forms, as required during the manuscript submission process. It should be noted that informed consent to participate in the research does not imply consent to publish personal individual data (names, initials, pictures, hospital identification). Therefore, for publication that includes any individual data, patient must give his written consent. This is especially applied when it is not possible to obtain anonymity of the data without distorting scientific evidence. Regardless of the preserved anonymity, patients presented in case report articles should always sign informed consent. Case reports without patients’ consent are not eligible for publication in Archives of Psychiatry Research. Specific types of case reports are not obliged to obtain informed consent as long as there are no patient’s personal data revealed. However, if there is a need to publish a patient’s rare diagnosis or specific demographic or personal data, by which patient’s identity can be implied, than the authors must obtain patient’s signed informed consent.

Conflict of interest: Archives of Psychiatry Research encourages all authors and reviewers to report any potential conflicts of interest to ensure complete transparency regarding the preparation and reviewing the manuscript (research funding, grants, sponsorship, competing interests etc.). According to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE): “Conflict of interest exists when an author (or the author’s institution) has financial (employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria and paid expert testimony) or personal relationship, academic competition or intellectual passion that inappropriately influences his actions.” (available at: http:// roles-and-responsibilities/author-responsibilities--conflicts- of-interest.html)

Manuscript types:
Editorial articles are short articles describing news about the Journal, opinion of the Editor-in Chief, comments on significant articles appearing in the same issue of the Journal or on changes in Journal activities or policies. Editorials do not have a determined structure, although they should be divided into paragraphs and may include references.

Research Articles contain unpublished results of original scientific research. Although exceptions will be considered, manuscripts should not exceed 5000 words, excluding abstract, keywords, tables, figures, and references. For additional information see Preparation of Manuscript section below.

Short communications are original scientific articles that contain unpublished results of completed original scientific research or describe original techniques. These are short reports of smaller studies and are not intended to present preliminary data of ongoing research but instead observations of a finished research. Short communications have the same structure as research articles. Manuscripts should not exceed 1500 words, excluding abstract, keywords, tables, figures, and references. Authors may include up to 2 figures and up to 2 tables. For additional information see Preparation of Manuscript section below.

Professional articles focus on the applicability of previously published results of original scientific research to medical practice or education. They contain the results of the authors’ new investigations, as well as concise and critical reviews of literature of the chosen topic, pointing to trends and controversies in the field. Professional articles have the same structure as research articles. For additional information see Preparation of Manuscript section below.

Review articles contain concise and critical summaries of scientific research articles that deal with specific research areas of high interest in any area. The article should concentrate on the most recent developments in the field and aim for concise presentation of relevant information. Although exceptions will be con- sidered, manuscripts should not exceed 5000 words, excluding abstract, keywords, tables, figures, and references. The article must have a structured abstract with no more than 250 words. The structure of the manuscript text is set by the authors; however, it must be divided into paragraphs.

Case reports should present unique cases of unknown symptoms or diseases, new treatments, new correlations of two or more diseases or new variant of known disease’s course. Manuscripts should not exceed 1500 words, excluding abstract, keywords, and references. The article must have a structured abstract divided into three paragraphs: Aim, Case report, Conclusions. The manuscript text itself should also be divided into three paragraphs: Introduction, Case report and Dis- cussion with conclusions.

Letters to the Editor should be 750-1000 words or less. They should not include a title page, abstract or key- words. There should be no more than 10 references, and no tables or figures

Preparation of Manuscrip
Papers should be arranged as follows: Title page, Abstract, Key words (according to MeSH), Introduction, Subjects and methods or Materials and methods, Results, Discussion and conclusion(s), Acknowledgments, Conflict of interest statement, Funding Sources, References, Tables and Figures.

Title Page: The title page should include: the title of the article, phrased as concisely as possible; full first and second names of all author(s); names of the department(s) and institution(s) to which the work should be attributed; short running head of not more than 40 characters; the name and address of the author who will receive and respond to correspondence, including the telephone/fax number and e-mail address if available.

Abstract and Key words: Structured Abstract divided into four paragraphs (Aim, Subjects [or Materials] and Methods, Results and Conclusion) not exceeding 250 words, should be provided on a separate sheet of paper. The abstract should be followed by 3 to 6 key words for the rapid identification classification of the paper contents. In selecting the key words, the authors should strictly refer to the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) list of the Index Medicus.

Manuscripts should be divided into following sections: Introduction, Subjects and methods or Materials and methods, Results, Discussion and References. In the Introduction, studies directly related to the presented study should be briefly described. At the end of the Introduction, the Aim of the study should briefly describe the aim(s) and purpose of the study.

Subjects/Materials and methods: should be so presented as to allow the reader to repeat the study without further explanations. The methods known from the literature need not be described, but referred to by their generic names (trade names can be given in parentheses).

Results should be presented clearly and logically. Significance of the results should be expressed statistically. All measurement results should be listed in SI units.

Discussion is the conclusive part of a paper, in which the results are more extensively described and interpreted, and compared with the existing knowledge in the field. Conclusions are supposed to provide an answer to the aim of the study.

Tables and figures: Each table should be on a separate sheet of paper with a heading and numbered as cited in the text. Figures and other illustrations should be numbered in same order as they are cited in the text. Photographs should be of high quality to allow good reproduction. Reproduction of figures and tables from other sources should be accompanied by full reference and permit by their authors and publisher.

References: The list of references should be written on a separate sheet of paper, numbered according to the first appearance in the text. The Vancouver style should be followed thereby, e.g.:
Article in journal: Name all authors if there are six or less; references with more than six authors should be followed by »et al«. The title of the journal should be abbreviated according to Index Medicus: Marušić S, Thaller V, Katinić K, Matošić A. The significance of family therapy in the process of treatment of alcoholism. Alcoholism. 2000;36:51-60.
Journal supplements:
Lundstrom I, Nylander C. An electrostatic approach to membrane bound receptors. Period Biol. 1983;85(Suppl 2):53-60.
Books and monographs:
Personal author or authors Eisen HN. Immunology: an introduction to molecular and cellular principles of the immune response. 5th ed. New York (USA): Harper and Row; 1974. p. 406.
Book editor(s):
Dausset J, Colombani J, editors. Histocompatibility testing 1972. Copenhagen (DK): Munksgaard; 1973. p. 12-18.
Chapter in an edited book:
Weinstein L, Swartz MN. Pathogenic properties of invading microorganisms. In: Sodeman WA, ed. Pathologic physiology: mechanism of disease. Philadelphia (USA): WB Saunders; 1974. p. 457-72.
Conference Proceedings:
DuPont E. Bone marrow transplantation in severe combined immunodeficiency with unrelated MLC compatible donor. In: White HJ, Smith R, eds. Proceedings of the Third Annual Meetings of the International Society for Experimental Hematology. Houston (USA): International Society for Experimental Hematology; 1974. p. 44-6.
Kaplan SJ. Post-hospital home health care: the elderly’s access and utilization [dissertation]. St. Louis (USA): Washington University; 1995.
Internet reference:
Hrvatsko društvo za shizofreniju i poremećaje iz spektra shizofrenije. Članstvo [Internet]. Zagreb (HR): Hrvatsko društvo za shizofreniju i poremećaje iz spektra shizofrenije; 2022 [updated 2022; cited 2022 Jan 27]. Available from: clanstvo.html
Unpublished and preprint material:
Walters JTR, O’Donovan MC. Mapping genomic loci prioritises genes and implicates synaptic biology in schizophrenia [Internet]. Medrxiv [Preprint]. 2020 [cited 2022 Jan 27]. Available from: https://www.medrxiv. org/content/10.1101/2020.09.12.20192922v1 References will not be checked by the Editorial Office. Responsibility for their accuracy and completeness lies with the author.

Proofs and reprints: Galley proofs are sent to the corresponding author indicated on the title page for correction; no changes to the original manuscript will be allowed at this stage. The corrected proofs should be returned (preferably by fax +385 1 37 68 287) to the publisher within 48 hours after the reception. If this period is exceeded, the galleys will be proofed by the editorial staff of the publishing house only and printed without the author’s corrections.
The Editorial Board keeps the right to publish papers regardless of the sequence of their receipt. Manuscripts will not be returned to authors, and all printed papers become the property of the editor. The authors will receive 20 free reprints of the paper published.

Corrections, Retractions and Expressions of Concern

In an effort to better serve researchers, librarians, and the academic community, Archives of Psychiatry Research and its editorial board, believes clarity in the publishing record is a critical component of information distribution. Recognizing a published article as a finalized version establishes the expectation that it can be relied upon as accurate, complete, and citable.

It is presumed that manuscripts report on work based on honest observations. However, occasionally information becomes available which may contradict this. In such situations we apply Committee on Publication Ethics guidelines on corrections, retractions and expressions of concern.


Errors in published papers may be identified requiring publication of a correction in the form of a corrigendum or erratum. Because articles can be read and cited as soon as they are published, any changes thereafter could potentially impact those who read and cited the earlier version. Publishing an erratum or corrigendum increases the likelihood readers will find out about the change and also explains the specifics of the change.

Corrigenda and Errata are published on a numbered page and will contain the original article's citation. Cases where these corrections are insufficient to address an error will be dealt with on a case-by-case basis by the Editor in Chief. Inadequacies arising from the normal course of new scientific research are not within the scope of this and will require no correction or withdrawal.

Expressions of Concern

Where substantial doubt arises as to the honesty or integrity of a submitted or published article it is the Editor in Chief's responsibility to ensure that the matter is adequately addressed, usually by the authors' sponsoring institution. It is not normally the Editor in Chief's responsibility to carry out the investigation or make a determination. The Editor in Chief should be promptly informed of the decision of the sponsoring institution and a retraction printed should it be determined that a fraudulent paper was published. Alternatively, the Editor in Chief may choose to publish an expression of concern over aspects of the conduct or integrity of the work.

Article withdrawal

Articles may be withdrawn by corresponding author before accepting for publication. Articles which have been published under an issue could not be withdrawn.

Article retraction

Infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submission, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like. Occasionally a retraction will be used to correct errors in submission or publication. The retraction of an article by its authors or the editor under the advice of members of the scholarly community has long been an occasional feature of the learned world. Standards for dealing with retractions have been developed by a number of library and scholarly bodies, and this best practice is adopted for article retraction:
  • A retraction note titled “Retraction: [article title]” signed by the authors and/or the editor is published in the paginated part of a subsequent issue of the journal and listed in the contents list.
  • In the electronic version, a link is made to the original article.
  • The online article is preceded by a screen containing the retraction note. It is to this screen that the link resolves; the reader can then proceed to the article itself.
  • The original article is retained unchanged save for a watermark on the .pdf indicating on each page that it is “retracted.”
  • The HTML version of the document is removed.

Article removal: legal limitations

In an extremely limited number of cases, it may be necessary to remove an article from the online database. This will only occur where the article is clearly defamatory, or infringes others’ legal rights, or where the article is, or we have good reason to expect it will be, the subject of a court order, or where the article, if acted upon, might pose a serious health risk. In these circumstances, the text will be replaced with a screen indicating the article has been removed for legal reasons.

Article replacement

In cases where the article, if acted upon, might pose a serious health risk, the authors of the original article may wish to retract the flawed original and replace it with a corrected version. In these circumstances the procedures for retraction will be followed with the difference that the database retraction notice will publish a link to the corrected re-published article and a history of the document.

LAST UPDATED 12 04 2024